Thursday, 22 March 2012

Background - Painting

There are three prominent areas or spaces to a painting's overall composition, from the picture plane (which is the bottom edge of the painting/canvas) transcending upwards towards the center of the painting and continuing to move into the remainder of the picture. The areas of the painting are as follows, from area closest to the viewer to the area that is furthest away: the foreground, middle-ground and background.

The background is the area of simulated space which is furthest away from the spectator, that is the background is the furthest away in the illusionary space. Artists created illusionistic space by depicting figures, objects, architecture and topographical features receding into the painting - the sense of space is often exaggerated by these features being shown receding into one or more of the different spaces within the composition. When an artist tries to create the impression of space receding into a painting, the effect on the viewer is to create an illusion of space seeming to either be closer to the viewer whilst other parts seem further away. As the development of perspective was crucial to creating a more naturalistic form of art.

Wednesday, 21 March 2012

Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage (i.e a nation's heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible traditions (myths and legends) or a particular social grouping or society which have inherited both these tangible and intangible attributes from their ancestors. The knowledge, which is learnt from previous generations by the present, is then sought to be maintained and preserved in the present for the cultural and education benefit of future generations, whom will eventually become custodians of the knowledge which they have come to inherit down the line.

Tangible Cultural Heritage includes: architecture, artworks, literature and man made landscapes.

Intangible Cultural Heritage includes: traditions, folklore, indigenous knowledge and language.

Cultural Patrimony

Cultural Patrimony, is an a crucial concept, and it refers to an object that has ongoing cultural, traditional and historical importance to a particular society or social group. The intrinsic value of Cultural Patrimony is derived from cultural objects which are inherited from one's ancestors.

Illuminated Manuscript

The Lindisfarne Gospel 700AD
Illuminated Manuscripts from the medieval period are all hand made and hand written, predominantly on parchment paper or vellum; made from goats' skin. The books comprise of illuminated pages, biblical narratives and historiated initials - which are highly decorated at the start of each page. The illuminated sections of the book and are elaborate, often decorated with gold leaf and colours from exotic plants such as lapis lazuli.

Tuesday, 20 March 2012

How to sync iWorks files with your Mac or PC

There appears to be a hidden feature, which allows users to use the iCloud service in a manner similar to dropbox. There are several tutorials for how to do this, here is the best.

Antiquity - Definition

Antiquity is a term used to describe the history and culture of a period of Western civilization - the epoch of the ancients. Particularly relating to Greco-Roman art and culture; prior to the decline of both civilizations.

Literary sources, art, sculpture and architecture were used and valued by the Renaissance masters as a source of inspiration for their work, as they believed all'antica art and architecture to be the ideal. Art which should be aspired towards and revered.

Monday, 19 March 2012

Tenebrism - A definition

The Flagellation of Christ by Caravaggio
Click to enlarge
Tenebrism is a term, particularly related to European painting, used to describe the extreme contrasts between light and dark in a figurative composition as a means of heightening the dramatic effect of a painting. The most important tenebrist artist in the History of Art is Caravaggio who placed his figures against intense dark backgrounds, to increase the drama and movement within the painting, but to also enhance the three-dimensionality of the painting. All of which was achieved through a technique known as chiaroscuro; one of the four canonical modes of Renaissance art.

Sunday, 18 March 2012

What is meant by the term Classicising

Classicizing is a broad artistic term used to describe any period of history which attempts to reintroduce features of Greco-Roman art and architecture from antiquity, namely using ancient subject matter or re-applying motifs.
Related term see article on all'antica

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