Light, sensuous, intensely decorative French style developed in the early eighteenth century, after the death of Louis XIV. The development of the style was considered to be in reaction to the Baroque grandeur of Versailles. The name comes from French term rocaille, meaning rock-work, the style derives inspiration from the forms of sea shells and corals. 

The Rococo style is characterised by: 

  • Short curves
  • Scrolls and counter curves
  • All of which are highly elaborated with fantasy.

Baroque is a highly emotional style in architecture, painting and sculpture. The style originated and achieved its height in Rome from 1630 - 1680, however its influence spread and extended across Europe.

Notable Baroque Artists:

  • Bernini, the sculpture and architect in Rome.
  • Sir Peter Paul Rubens, who was active in Northern Europe. Rubens was the artist who decorated the ceiling at the Banqueting House in London for Charles I.
  • Sir Anthony Van Dyck, is another notable baroque artist, he was a pupil of Rubens' and worked as a court painter in Britain for Charles I.
Leonardo da Vinci's "Virgin of the Rocks"  1505.
The National Gallery of London.
Sfumato is one of the four canonical painting modes of the Renaissance. The Italian word sfumato means to shade. In the finished painting the composition appears as though it has a thin veil of smoke that partially conceals the subject of the painting from the viewer. Thereby adding some areas of brightness to pure regions of darkness, and partially blocking some regions of light.
The term Chiaroscuro can be characterised as the contrast between light and dark areas of a painting, which are usually bold contrasts that affect the entire composition. Often used to add drama and movement to a composition. Chiaroscuro is also often used as a technical term by artists and art historians to describe the use of contrasting light to achieve a sense of volume in modelling three-dimensional objects such as architectural features and the human body.

Caravaggio's  - The Taking of Christ (1602). Example of the use of the canonical technique of Chiaroscuro.
The use of the technique has heightened the dramatic effect of this painting.

An artists Oeuvre can be defined as the works of a painter or sculpture. So in essence an artists Oeuvre is a substantial body of work constituting the life work of an artist.
A small oil sketch modello
for a 5m high altarpiece
by Tiepolo
A diagrammatic representation; in addition it could be an outline, model or a plan for an overall composition. Also relates to an artists modello for a paintings final composition.

For example:
The artistic achieved his overall vision for the composition by representation through a set of characteristic and recognisable schemata.
A term commonly used to describe the more extreme styles of art that were in reaction to the traditional European conception of art as the imitation of nature and heightening of its beauty, during the 20th century.

Abstract Art, can be viewed in two distinct, yet contradictory tendencies:

The first is, that abstract art is the reduction of natural appearances to simplify shapes and forms within the composition.

The second notion of abstract art is, creation of art objects in nondescript, non-representational forms.
Richard Hamilton widely regarded as the founder of pop art, to his annoyance, has died today at the age of 89. Hamilton was committed to blurring the boundaries between high and low culture, to great effect, in an age where the mediums of radio, television and cinema were garnering mass exposure.
Step 1
In order to create an archive page you must go to Dashboard -> Design -> Page Elements. Then create an archive widget, proceed to drag and place your archive widget directly below your Blog Posts gadget. 

Step 2
From blogger, click the Posting | Edit Pages tab, then click New Page. Ideally name your new page 'Archive' and leave this page blank for now.

Step 3
Then go to the Edit HTML button in the design tab, click control + F and search for </b:skin> and place the following line of text directly below: </b:skin>

<b:if cond='data:blog.url == &quot;;'>

<b:if cond="data:blog.url != &quot;;">

Step 4
Copy the web address of your newly created blog's archive page, and replace the section in red with it. Be sure to include the .html part of your custom domain name or with your blogspot address. e.g. with                                     

Now save your template, and your done. Note, you must only have one archive widget on your blog and it must be in the location specified in this post in order to work.

The simplest way to add navigation tabs to your blog is through the Page List gadget. However, as you have probably noticed the Page List gadget can be quite restrictive in only allowing your static pages to be displayed.

The following it a simple manipulation, that will allow you to display non-static pages in your blogger blog's navigation menu, the Page List.


1. Dashboard > Design > Edit Html

2. Check the Expand Widget Template box, located at the top right of the editing window.

3. Now search for the following line within your template:
<b:widget id='PageList1' locked='false' title='Pages'

4. You should now have the following located below:

<b:widget id='PageList1' locked='false' title='Pages' type='PageList'>
<b:includable id='main'>
<b:if cond='data:title'><h2><data:title/></h2></b:if>
<div class='widget-content'>
<b:loop values='data:links' var='link'>
<b:if cond='data:link.isCurrentPage'>
  <li class='selected'><a expr:href='data:link.href'><data:link.title/></a></li>
<li><a expr:href='data:link.href'><data:link.title/></a></li>
Your Code here
<b:include name='quickedit'/>

5. You will put the code for the links that you wish to add below  </b:loop> 
Each of your links should be as follows, placing one line of code for each link below the next:

<li><a href="YourLink/URL">TitleofLink</a></li>

Your Link/Url will be the destination, and the Title of Link will be the name that shows up in your Page List navigation bar.

6. Now Preview, if your not happy with the styling just click clear edits, otherwise click save and your done.

7. Additional tip, to make your link open in a new browser tab using the following:
<li><a href="YourLink/URL"target="_blank">TitleofLinkt</a></li>

In order to center your blogger adsense widget  in the header of your blog go to Design > Html Edit and search for the line:


Just before this line place the following code:

width: 728px;
margin: auto;

You may need to change the number/value of the width depending on the width of the banner that you have chosen. If you have more than one adsense widget on your blog you may need to alter the number after the #AdSense where appropriate- using 1,2,3 to achieve your desired result.

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