Monday, 28 November 2011

Who are the figures in Raphael's 'The School of Athens'



An annotated version of Raphael's 'The school of athens' also known as 'The School of Philosophy' - 1509
Click to enlarge the image

The Figures in this monumental fresco are as follows:

1. Zeno of Citium

2. Federico II of Mantua

3. Epicurus


4. Boethius or Anaximander or Empedocles

5. Averroes

6. Pythagoras

7. Alcibiades or Alexander the Great

8. Antisthenes or Xenophon

9. Aeschines or Xenophon

10. Francesco Maria della Rovere

11. Socrates

12. Parmenides

13. Plato (representing Leonardo da Vinci)

14. Aristotle

15. Diogenes

16. Heraclitus (representing Michelangelo)

17. Euclidor Archimedes with students (representing Bramante)

18. Zoroaster

19. Ptolemy

20. Protogenes (Il Sodoma, Perugino, or Timoteo Viti)

21. Plotinus (representing Donatello)

22. This is the sculpture of the god Apollo, god of light, archery and music, holding a lyre.

23. The sculpture is Athena, goddess of wisdom, in her classical Roman guise as Minerva.



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