Saturday, 31 March 2012

Low Relief - Definition

Low Relief, also known as Bas-Relief (from the Italian basso rilievo). Is where the projecting image of a sculpture has a very shallow overall depth. (Read more after Break)

Indigenous Knowledge - Definition

Indigenous Knowledge can be defined as local knowledge. This type of knowledge is unique to a given culture or society. (Read more after Break)

High Relief - Definition

High Relief, also know as 'alto-rilievo', is where more than half of the mass of the sculpted figure, object or feature projects from the grounding/surface. (Read more after Break)

Friday, 30 March 2012

Lloyd - Hot New Freestyle

Types of relief - Sculpture

Relief is a sculptural technique. Relief is a term derived from the latin word, levo meaning raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has therefore been raised above and emanates from the background plane. Relief Sculpture is achieved through the build up of layers on a flat grounding. Where a relief is cut from a surface, there is a lowering of the field/ground, leaving the un-sculpted parts appearing to have been raised up from the surface. Donatello is a notable sculptor, and Mantegna is a painter who is known for imitating sculptural relief within his paintings. (Read more after Break)

Aerial Perspective

Aerial perspective, also known as atmospheric perspective, is where colours and tones change the further a landscape recedes from the spectator. Therefore the hues change within the atmosphere of the painting as the viewers gaze diverts from the foreground to the background of the painting. The effect can be achieved through the subtle gradation of tonal colours between the foreground and background, in order to create the illusion of space, by imitating the effects of light on surfaces the further you look away into the distance in nature.

Most used and developed by:
Leonardo da Vinci

The effect of the Welfare State on Society

Does the European model of the welfare state create a culture of dependency? With certain groups and sections of society becoming dependent on the state.

Other problems created are: increased incentive for welfare tourism. Other unintentional 
side effect is the increased culture of dependency, were it is more beneficial to receive state
benefits, than it is to find employment. This issue has been cultivated by an ineffective benefits 
system, which does not effectively incentivise the citizen to go out and find employment.
In addition, to receive benefits in some communities no longer carries with it the social
stigma that it once did, which was a natural incentive for people to go out and find work.
Thereby resulting in a waste of human potential. With certain groups in society,
also exploiting the system.

Wednesday, 28 March 2012

Linear Perspective - Painting and Drawing

The innovation which perspective made towards painting was to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on what was essentially a two-dimensional surface. Linear Perspective employs lines in order to create the impression of three-dimensional space on the artist's canvas. (Read more after Break)

Tuesday, 27 March 2012

Vanishing Point - Painting

The Vanishing Point within a painting forms part of a linear perspective (also known as straight line perspective) scheme, which provides structure and order to the composition of a painting. (Read more after the Break)

Picture Plane

The Picture Plane is the border between the fictive internal space of the painting and the real world outside of the canvas. (Read more after the Break)

Monday, 26 March 2012

Cultural Property

Cultural property is the tangible constituents of the cultural heritage of a particular society, social grouping or civilization. (Read more after Break)

Foreground - Painting

The foreground is the area of the picture space which is closest to the viewer. The foreground is the area which is located directly above the picture plane. (Read more after Break)

The art of the Medieval Manuscript

Check out our post on medieval illuminated manuscripts:

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