Wednesday, 25 April 2012

Art Timeline of Art Movements



This article will consider the major art periods and movements since the turn of the first century A.D.
(Please Note: that this is not a comprehensive list and only includes what are deemed to be the most significant art movements; also there is overlap within the areas of modern art movements)

The Romanesque Era

Romanesque art was a movement within Europe from 1000 AD to 13th century.

The Gothic Period

The Gothic Art movement - was a style of medieval art in in Europe which came to prominence at the end of the Romanesque era. Dating from the 13th century and emerging in the 14th century as the International Gothic style, which was a more sophisticated form of court art. Eventually tastes changed and the Gothic movement declined during the first part of the 16th century. Fell out of fashion as the public's taste in art was changing.

Renaissance

Renaissance: c. 1300 - c. 1600

Italian Renaissance: late 13th century - c. 1600
Renaissance Classicism: late 15th century - late 16th century
Early Netherlandish painting - 1400 - 1500

Renaissance period to Romanticism
Romanticism: 1790 - 1880
Nazarene movement: c. 1820 - late 1840s
The Ancients: 1820s - 1830s

Neoclassicism

Pre-dates romanticism, and later competed alongside Romanticism; Neoclassicism was present from the early 18th century and up until the end of the 19th century.

Romanticism

At its peak 1790 to 1840
Romanticism


Norwich school: 1803 - 1833, England
Realism: 1830 - 1870, began in France
Barbizon school:  c. 1830 - 1870, France
Hague School: 1870 - 1900, Netherlands
Spanish Eclecticism: 1845 - 1890, Spain

Modern Art

Modern art: from late 19th century - c. 1970
Realism: 1830 - 1870
Impressionism: 1863 - 1890, France
American Impressionism 1880, United States
Heidelberg School late 1880s, Australia
Luminism (also Impressionism, just taking place at a later date in other countries - a late-impressionist style)
Arts and Crafts movement: 1880 - 1910, United Kingdom
Tonalism: 1880 - 1920, United States
Symbolism (visual arts): 1880 - 1910, France andBelgium
Sub-genres of symbolism:
Russian Symbolism: 1884 - 1910, Russia
Aesthetic movement: 1868 - 1901, United Kingdom
Post-impressionism: 1886 - 1905, France
Pointillism: 1880s, France
Les Nabis: 1888 - 1900, France
Fauvism: 1904 - 1909, France
Cloisonnism: c. 1885, France
Synthetism: late 1880s - early 1890s, France
School of Paris: early 20th century, France
Neo-impressionism: 1886 - 1906, France
Art Nouveau: 1890 - 1914, France
Vienna Secession: 1897, Austria
Also developing in Germany, Scandinavia
Modernisme: 1890 - 1910, Catalan
Russian avant-garde: 1890 - 1930, occurring in the former Soviet Union
Art à la Rue 1890s - 1905, Belgium/France
Hagenbund 1900 - 1930, Austria
Expressionism: 1905 - 1930, Germany
Bloomsbury Group 1905 - c. 1945, England
Cubism and Analytic Cubism: 1907 - 1914, France
Futurism (art) - 1910 - 1930, Italy
Cubo-Futurism 1912 - 1915, Russia
Rayonism: 1911, Russia
Synchromism: 1912, United States
Universal Flowering: 1913, Russia
Vorticism: 1914 - 1920, United Kingdom
Biomorphism: 1915 - 1940s
Suprematism: 1915 - 1925, Russia and other areas of the former Soviet Union
Dada: 1916 - 1930, Switzerland
Proletkult: 1917 - 1925, Soviet Union
Neoplasticism: 1917 - 1931, Holland
Arbeitsrat für Kunst: 1918 - 1921
Bauhaus: 1919 - 1933, Germany
Precisionism c. 1920, United States
Surrealism: Emerging since 1920s, France
Acéphale France
Lettrism 1942 -
Les Automatistes 1946 - 1951, Canada
American scene painting: 1920 - 1945, United States
New Objectivity: 1920's, Germany
Constructivism (art): 1920s, Russia and Ukraine and Soviet Union
Art Deco Movement: 1920s - 1930s, France
Soviet art: 1922 - 1986, Soviet Union
Social realism: 1929, international
Socialist realism - 1930 - 1950, Soviet Union and Germany
Abstraction-Création: 1931 - 1936, France
Abstract Expressionism: 1940s, Post WWII era, United States
Neo-Dada: 1950s, International
International Typographic Style: 1950s, Switzerland
Soviet Nonconformist Art: 1953 - 1986, Soviet Union
Russian Non-Conformist: Russia and Ukraine
Pop Art: around mid - 1950s, United Kingdom and United States
Situationism 1957 - until early 1970s, Italy
Minimalism: 1960 - present

Contemporary Art Movements

Contemporary art - present
Toyism: 1992 - present
Digital art: 1990 - present
Postmodern art: to present
Modernism: to present
New Realism: 1960 - present
Performance art: 1960s - present
Conceptual art: 1960s - present
Graffiti: 1960s - present
Photorealism: 1960s - 1970s
Post-minimalism: from late 1960s - 1970s
Installation art: 1970s - present
Neo-expressionism late 1970s -
Metarealism: 1970 -1980, Russia
Neoism: 1979
Deconstructivism

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